Nifty notebooks, and Almazar

Thanks to my posts on Castlequest, I’ve been receiving the occasional email from people with memories of the game. Most recently, I received a message from John P. Wesson (RPI classes of ‘71, ‘76, and ‘88). He’d seen the Castlequest news via the wrpi-alumns mailing list, and wanted to share copies of his notes on Castlequest and two other games, made “while babysitting lab equipment during 24-hour runs” as a grad student in the 1980s.

His notes are really awesome! For each game there’s a complete map, a list of items, and typically some hints on the puzzles. Wesson numbers all the rooms on the map; his numbers are often spookily close to those in the games’ own data files, but not identical: evidence that his maps are the genuine product of late-night gameplay, not source-diving.

There’s also a page of “trophies”: printed clippings demonstrating for posterity that John had, indeed, beaten each game with a perfect score.

Adventure Almazar
Castlequest Trophies

John’s notes on Adventure (the original 350-point version) fit on one sheet. Though still clearly very practiced, they’re the messiest of the lot. The three-dimensional geography starts in pencil in the upper right corner, and meanders down and west until the Hall of the Mountain King (which is both “down from” and “north of” the Hall of Mists) appears twice with a bit of white-out where he apparently decided to jump to a new place on the page. At the bottom of the page is a hint to the Last Lousy Point, and another indication of a work-still-in-progress: “? Try depositing at Y2, also key!”

John’s carefully drafted maps of Castlequest occupy four pages, and include a complete map of the maze of twisty passages, with a table of shortest routes from each entrance to each other exit.

Finally, there’s two pages of notes on Almazar — a game I’d never heard of before! So of course I went looking for it online… and quickly found several versions. The full name of the game is The Search for Almazar, Part I: The Proving Ground, by Winston M. Llamas, who was then a CS undergrad at RPI. The game was written in BASIC; although Wesson played it on a mainframe (maybe an IBM 370?), the versions I found were all associated with microcomputers such as the TRS-80.

One version was published in 80 Micro magazine’s 1983 Special Anniversary Issue, pages 288–297 (archived here). This version is specifically billed as “the first of a projected series of programs whose central theme is the continuing search for the super being Almazar.”

Another version was distributed in source-code form on “SIG/M Volume 142” (1983-10-07). This version had been slightly modified by one Bob Liddelow in order to run on the Osborne 1, and perhaps also to remove the “first of a series” wording to make it a bit more of a standalone adventure. (And also to introduce some typos that make it literally unwinnable. I still don’t understand exactly how that happened.)

Intriguingly, penciled on the second page of Wesson’s Almazar notes is a sketch marked “Almazar addition,” depicting eight or nine additional rooms on the near side of the river with names like “fork in river,” “swept into subterranean cavern,” and “subterranean lake.” These rooms do not appear in the 80 Micro or SIG/M versions of the game. Wesson guesses that these rooms were added by Llamas (or somebody) circa 1983–84, but doesn’t really remember what the deal was or how he would have known at the time that they were an “addition.”

Playing Almazar

I’ve put copies of the microcomputer Almazar sources (along with their provenance) on

It might be possible to use them with any sufficiently retro BASIC interpreter native to your preferred OS; I haven’t tried. What I have tried, successfully, is to run them in Microsoft BASIC v5.21 for CP/M, using Iván Izaguirre’s iz-cpm emulator (on a MacBook running MacOS 10.14). The only thing that doesn’t work there is the SAVE command: it invariably gives a “Disk full” error for some reason.

Serendipitously, just yesterday another CP/M emulator for MacOS was on the front page of Hacker News: Tom Harte’s CP/M for OS X. Almazar seems to work fine in that, too. But iz-cpm is more suited to my command-line aesthetic.

So far, I’ve detected and fixed four significant typos in the code; there may be more I haven’t yet detected.

More on Almazar later, perhaps.

Posted 2021-05-13